Everyone agrees that meditation is a practice of focused breathing and mental techniques designed to calm the brain, but it is still somewhat mystifying as to how it actually works. Well, this brief article will explain how brainwaves functions during one of these meditation sessions. First, we will start of by discussing brainwaves and what they are because it has been determined by several scientific studies that meditation increases certain brainwave activity and decreases others, thereby stimulating different emotions and feelings in the brain.
The brain operates on several frequencies. Some determined through science and some are theorized. In this article I will discuss the main five frequencies and how they work.
These brainwaves create a daydream like state or lucid dreaming. Alpha brain waves occur when there is simultaneous organized firing of the Thalamic pacemaker cells. They operate at the 7.5–12.5 Hz scale. They stimulate functions such as creative thinking and have shown signs of reducing depression.
Our dominant waking brainwaves and is known to produce our fight or flight response. They keep us alert and stimulate our logic and reasoning. Basically, how we come to a decision. They operate on the 12-38 Hz scale. Beta brainwaves help us focus and pay attention when accomplishing a task. They can also be the cause of restlessness and creating stress and anxiety.
These brainwaves are associated with deep dreamless sleep and deep meditation. This is the lowest of the frequencies operating at .5 Hz to 3 Hz. It is believed that they help produce Cortisol which helps reduce stress levels in the body.
These are associated with memory retention and learning and are predominant in our toddler years. Because of this predominance at a young age they have been linked to unexplained deep-seated fears and phobias. They range on the 3.5 Hz –7 Hz scale. They are believed to produce a deep state of relaxation and open the mind to visualization.
These are the fastest firing brainwaves and because of this can be found in nearly all parts of the brain. They allow us to process information quickly and is believed to affect intelligence. They range on the 12.5 Hz – 100 Hz scale and in humans is typically around 40 Hz. It is also theorized that these are the brainwaves associated with awareness and create a collective consciousness.
Now that you know how they brainwaves work and their functions. I will tell you how using music can help increase or decrease the production of these oscillatory patterns inducing a desired meditative state. All one has to do is listen to pleasing auditory stimulation created at these frequencies. It’s that easy.
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